The complications of hyperlipidemia are getting higher and higher, and the proportion of diseases is increasing year by year, because strokes and cardiovascular diseases caused by hyperlipidemia directly threaten people's health and life. Hyperlipidemia, together with high blood pressure and hyperglycemia, is known as the "three highs" and is receiving increasing attention.
Hyperlipidemia refers to a chronic disease in which the plasma lipogen concentration significantly exceeds the normal range. Generally, the determination of plasma cholesterol and triglyceride content is the conclusion of the diagnosis.
Hyperlipidemia is the result of a disorder of lipid metabolism. The cause is caused by genetics, environment, and eating disorders. Its clinical manifestations are: headache, numbness of limbs, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations. Hyperlipidemia can be divided into two types: primary and secondary. The former is rare and it is a genetic disorder of lipid metabolism. The latter is mostly uncontrolled diabetes, atherosclerosis, renal syndrome, and mucus. Complications associated with diseases such as edema, hypothyroidism, and biliary cirrhosis.
Blood lipid is a hidden killer hidden in the blood, and its most common symptom is arteriosclerosis which is prone to occur in middle-aged and elderly people.
Atherosclerosis is the pathological basis of stroke and coronary heart disease. Cardio-cerebral vascular disease is caused by high blood lipids that damage the vascular endothelium, and the deposition on the vascular wall forms atherosclerosis. From the process of atherosclerotic plaque formation, it can be seen that it starts from "high blood lipid levels" and ends up with "atherosclerotic plaque formation". The intermediate links are related to "hyperlipidemia", so it is proved that high blood lipids cause Cardio-cerebrovascular disease is the most important independent risk factor.
Myth # 1: No problems without symptoms
Many people think that there is no disease without symptoms. Actually hyperlipidemia is one of the most important reasons for the very low blood lipid compliance rate because patients have neglected its existence and neglected its treatment because there are no symptoms. No symptoms are the greatest danger of dyslipidemia. The World Health Organization recommends that normal people should have their blood lipids checked every 2 years, and those over 40 years of age and those at high risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases should have their blood lipids checked once a year.
Misunderstanding 2: It is not too late to prevent dyslipidemia when you enter middle-aged and elderly
Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that originates in adolescents, is rooted in young people, develops in middle age, and develops in the elderly. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis should start from childhood, and the focus of prevention and treatment is to develop a good lifestyle and eating habits from a young age, control weight and prevent hyperlipidemia.
Myth 3: lean people have nothing to do with hyperlipidemia
Because many dyslipidemias are mainly due to metabolic abnormalities, some lean people can also develop hyperlipidemia, and it is not uncommon.
Myth 4: Vegetarians don't suffer from hyperlipidemia
Because many blood lipids, especially cholesterol, are mainly derived from the body's synthesis, so although cholesterol intake in the diet is low, anabolic disorders are also sufficient to raise blood lipids. This is why it is not uncommon for vegetarians to develop hyperlipidemia.
Misunderstanding 5: patients with hypertension and diabetes need not pay attention to blood lipids
Many people with hypertension and diabetes have dyslipidemia. When dyslipidemia is associated with hypertension, the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases is significantly increased. Therefore, it is necessary for the hypertensive patients to actively deal with the abnormal blood lipids, and they will get more benefits than simply lowering blood pressure.
Garlic with it, a natural "lipid-lowering drug", lowers triglycerides to drive away cholesterol
Refers to "evening primrose oleic acid". The main functional component is a variety of unsaturated fatty acids, which are rich in γ-linolenic acid, which can regulate blood lipids, lower human serum cholesterol, lower blood lipids, and increase density lipoprotein cholesterol. Related experiments show that Oxalic acid has a good and consistent effect on the formation of atherosclerosis. This effect is caused by lowering blood lipids, reducing the penetration of cholesterol into blood vessel walls and increasing HDL.
It has obvious inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation in patients with hyperlipidemia and prevents coronary heart disease.
Attention before medical examination
Before checking blood lipids, you should pay attention to the following:
Fasting started at 10 pm the day before blood collection and early the next morning. Venous blood was collected at 9-10 am, that is, blood was taken in the morning on an empty stomach for more than 12 hours.
2. Last meal before blood test
Do not drink or eat high-fat foods, otherwise it will easily lead to errors in the test results.
3. Laboratory tests under relatively stable physiological and pathological conditions
Blood lipid levels can change with some physiological and pathological conditions, such as trauma, infection, fever, myocardial infarction, menstruation, pregnancy, etc.
4. Don't check during taking certain drugs
Such as contraceptives, beta-blockers, diuretics, and hormonal drugs can affect blood lipid levels and lead to test errors.